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Kawasaki disease is a serious disease of children
No one knows what causes Kawasaki disease, but it is thought to start
from an infection or from exposure to some toxin. There is no firm
evidence that the disease can spread from one person to another.
Kawasaki disease affects mostly children
This disease primarily affects children under the age of 5. Most
cases occur in 1 to 2 year old children. Asian children are more prone
to get Kawasaki disease than non-Asian children. The disease is seen
more often in the winter and spring seasons.
Symptoms to look for may include:
Diagnosis can be difficult
There is no one test that can confirm this disease. A doctor makes
the diagnosis from the symptoms and a few characteristic laboratory
findings, such as high platelet counts (cells that help blood clot) in
Kawasaki disease can be treated. See your doctor immediately if you think your child may have this disease
Kawasaki disease is treated in the hospital with medications that
reduce inflammation. The treatment works best when it is started early,
within 10 days of when the symptoms began.
Although most children recover completely, Kawasaki disease can cause complications
Twenty to 25% of children with this disease may develop swellings of
the arteries in the heart if they are not treated. Early treatment can
reduce the risk of heart complications. Other complications include
arthritis, meningitis, and rarely death.
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