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What is Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis (TB) is usually caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
How is TB spread?
Tuberculosis (TB) is spread from person to person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, the kidney, lymph nodes, or the spine. TB bacteria are spread through the air when a person with active TB disease of the lung coughs, sneezes, laughs, or sings. TB can be cured if treated properly.
What are the symptoms of TB?
Feeling generally weak or sick, having an unexplained rapid weight loss (over a few weeks or months), fever, and/or night sweats. Symptoms of active TB disease of the lungs may include cough, chest pain, or coughing up blood. Other TB symptoms depend on the particular part of the body that is affected.
People with active TB disease are sick from bacteria that are active in their body and usually have one or more symptoms of TB. These people are often able to give the infection to others. Medications can cure active TB disease; usually several medications called antibiotics are required, and must be taken for several months.
Who does TB affect?
TB can affect anyone of any age, but some people are more at risk than others, including:
How will I know if I have TB?
Latent TB Infection is different from active disease.
People with latent TB infection (no active disease) have the bacteria that can cause active TB disease in their body. They are not sick because the TB bacteria are inactive. They cannot spread TB to others. Medications can be taken to prevent development of active TB disease in the future.
What if I am diagnosed with TB?
Directly Observed Therapy:
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