Zika is a type of virus spread by the bite of infected Aedes species
mosquitoes. Aedes species
(present in Maryland) also spread dengue and chikungunya viruses.
Many people infected with Zika virus do not have symptoms or
only get mild symptoms.
Symptoms last for several days to a week. Hospitalizations
and deaths from Zika infection are rare.
Zika virus in babies can cause microcephaly (where the baby’s head is smaller than expected) and
other birth defects.
How is Zika virus spread?
There have been no cases of Zika from mosquito bites in
Maryland thus far.
Zika virus has been detected in a number of countries in
Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Central America, North America, the Pacific
Islands, and South America. Please visit CDC’s website (https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/zika-travel-information)
for a full list of all the countries affected.
There are no specific medicines or vaccine for
Treat the symptoms; get plenty of rest.
Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®)
to reduce fever and pain.
take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) until
dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding.
If you are taking medicine for another medical
condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional
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